There is further textual evidence to support this claim, as well, such as when Venus tells Psyche, in the Cupid and Psyche story spanning Books IV-VI, that she must be a witch, since she was so powerful as to be able to complete the impossible tasks set before her by the goddess or when in Book I a witch with whom Socrates was in a sexual relationship uses her magic to curse him and kill him. These examples of women with magical or occult powers suggest something about a society which was anxious about the idea of women holding a power over those around them or their environments; women cannot be powerful simply as mortal women, so these women must be using witchcraft. Other women in the novel, such as Charite and Psyche, are presented in largely positive lights except for when Lucius begins to judge Charite for what he suspects is infidelity, but is in fact not. Psyche is actually not presented as positively as it seems at first, despite the fact that she does seek aid in the temples of various goddesses. Consider again the scene when Venus accuses her of being a witch because she completed the tasks: she did employ the aid of several typically inanimate objects or animals in order to complete those tasks much as a witch might have enchanted them and she did reap revenge upon her sisters much as other witches in the novel, such as the witch mentioned earlier whom killed Socrates in Book I, might have.
Apuleius, The Golden Ass
Witches and Traditional Roman Religion in Apuleius’ The Golden Ass – Splane
The protagonist of the novel is called Lucius. The plot revolves around the protagonist's curiosity curiositas and insatiable desire to see and practice magic. While trying to perform a spell to transform into a vulture, he is accidentally transformed into an ass. This leads to a long journey, literal and metaphorical, filled with inset tales. He finally finds salvation through the intervention of the goddess Isis , whose cult he joins. The date of composition of the Metamorphoses is uncertain.
The Golden Ass
A novel set in ltaly, the Roman provinces, and Greece in the latter half of the second century ce; first published in Latin as Metamorphoses in the second century ce,. Lucius, a lusty young Greek under Roman rule, is accidentally transformed into a donkey when his experimentation with magic goes awry. In animal form, he passes from owner to owner, undergoing some strange and dangerous experiences before being rescued by an Egyptian goddess. Apuleius was born in the s ce to prosperous parents in Madaura, a city in Roman North Africa.
The protagonist of the novel is called Lucius. The plot revolves around the protagonist's curiosity curiositas and insatiable desire to see and practice magic. While trying to perform a spell to transform into a vulture, he is accidentally transformed into an ass. This leads to a long journey, literal and metaphorical, filled with inset tales.